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Rosacea Treatment

What is it?

Rosacea is a relatively common inflammatory skin disease, of chronic evolution, characterized by the dilation of blood vessels on the surface. It usually starts with a tendency to blush or blush more easily than other people.

Cause:

The cause of rosacea is still unknown, however, the onset of symptoms can be triggered by hereditary factors, environmental changes, such as excessive heat or cold, physical exercise, use of certain cosmetics, medicines that dilate blood vessels, or may still be related to the emotional system, such as anxiety and nervousness, for example.

Risk factors:

ARosacea is more common in women with lower phototypes (lighter skin), over 30, who smoke or have a family history of rosacea.

Types of Rosacea:

OThe most common symptoms include redness of the skin (which tends to spread slowly through the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin), small visible blood vessels, the appearance of some pimples, among others.

There are so many signs and symptoms that rosacea is divided into four subtypes:

  • Subtype 1 (Erythema-telangiectatic rosacea): facial redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels
  • Subtype 2 (papule-pustular rosacea): facial redness, swelling and acne outbreaks
  • Subtype 3 (Fimatous Rosacea): the skin thickens and has a thick and irregular texture
  • Subtype 4 (Ocular rosacea): red, irritated, congested and/or itchy eyes

 

Signs and symptoms of each type of rosacea:

Subtype 1:Facial redness, flushing, visible blood vessels

  • Flushing and redness in the center of the face
  • Visible blood vessels (vascular “spiders”)
  • Dry skin, roughness or flaking
  • Swollen skin
  • The skin can be very sensitive
  • The skin may sting and burn
  • Tends to blush or blush more easily than other people

Subtype 2: Facial redness, swelling and acne breakouts

  • Outbreaks of acne, usually where the skin is very red
  • Outbreaks of acne tend to appear and disappear, are not constant
  • Visible blood vessels (vascular “spiders”)
  • Oily skin
  • The skin can be very sensitive
  • The skin can burn and sting
  • Skin with reliefs designated as plaques

Subtype 3:Thick and dense skin

This subtype is rare. When it occurs, the person usually shows signs and symptoms of another rosacea subtype first. The signs of this subtype are:

  • Irregular skin texture
  • The skin may also thicken on the chin, forehead, cheeks, and ears
  • Visible blood vessels (vascular “spiders”)
  • Enlarged pores
  • Oily skin

Subtype 4: Ocular rosacea, red, swollen and irritated eyes (usually requires consultation with an ophthalmologist)

  • Watery or red appearance
  • Feeling of sand in the eyes)
  • Eyes burn or sting
  • Very dry eyes
  • Eye irritation, desire to “itch”
  • Light sensitive eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Blood vessels visible in the eyelids
  • Cyst on the eyelid
  • Vision worsens over time

What is the treatment about?

Although there is no definitive cure for rosacea, at Dr. Marta Beauty Clinic we use a treatment that focuses on controlling its signs and symptoms, Photofacial (treatment with Pulsed Light).

How long are the sessions?

The duration of treatment varies but usually between 60-90 min.

Is it painful?

Pulsed light and a comfortable treatment, with a cold gel previously applied, the sensation is of a slight sensation of heat to each pulse of light.

How often should it be done?

As rosacea is a chronic skin disease, this treatment should be performed once every 3/4 weeks, ideally for 5-6 sessions, after which maintenance sessions can be performed.

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